What is Cancer?
Cancer is a very broad term. It indicates a disease in which cells in some part of body grow uncontrollably as a result of cellular change. Throughout our lives, cells in our body divide and gets replaced in a controlled manner. When some cells grow in an uncontrolled way, it causes cancer. These cells can damage or infiltrate the tissues or form tumors which is combination of such abnormal cells. It is important to note that not all tumors are cancerous. Some of them are benign, which do not spread to other parts of body and do not create new tumors.Read More
Types of Cancer: To qualify as most common cancer, their occurrence rate should be at least 40000 per year in United States according to National Cancer Institute (NCI). Among these cancers, most common one and frequent is breast cancer with 279,100 cases to be expected in US in 2020. Breast Cancer is followed by lung and prostate cancer in high occurrence rate. Causes and Risk Factors of Cancer: Treatments of Cancer Available: Palliative Treatment:
As per estimates, there are more than 200 types of cancers relating to different parts of body. However most common ones according to National Cancer Institute (NCI) are given below:
• Bladder Cancer
• Breast Cancer
• Colon and Rectal Cancer
• Endometrial Cancer
• Kidney Cancer
• Lung Cancer
• Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
• Pancreatic Cancer
• Prostate Cancer
• Thyroid Cancer
Cancer is basically inability of cells to perform in their routine manner, and since cells are made of genes (DNA), any mutations in genes can result in cancer. Mutation in genes of a person is most common cause of cancer.
Other than mutations of gene, which is a natural cause of cancer, there are number of risk factors which makes one more vulnerable to the disease. Some of those risk factors are given below:
• Excessive tobacco use
• Being obese or overweight
• Unhealthy diet
• Lack of physical activity
• Excessive use of alcohol
• Sexually transmitted infections can later result in cancer
• Carcinogenic infections or other hepatitis infections
• Ultraviolet or ionizing radiation
• Air pollution
Changing daily habits and routines can significantly reduce the risk and vulnerability of one to cancer e.g as per one research, tobacco is responsible of approximately 22% of cancer-related deaths globally and giving up such a habit can save millions from lung related cancer.
Treatment of cancer depends upon the type of cancer and vary with the stage of it. Diagnosis and treatment of cancer may occur simultaneously in some patients. In most cases, cancer patients receive following treatments
• Radiation Therapy
Cancer patients can either receive any single one of these but mostly combination of two or three of these treatments are given to them depending upon the type and stage of cancer.
This type of treatment is also given to cancer patients sometimes. It doesn’t cure the disease but help alleviate symptoms of cancer and can prolong the life span and improve life quality for patients of this disease. This type of treatment is mostly comprised of different kind of medications.
Types of Cancer:
To qualify as most common cancer, their occurrence rate should be at least 40000 per year in United States according to National Cancer Institute (NCI). Among these cancers, most common one and frequent is breast cancer with 279,100 cases to be expected in US in 2020. Breast Cancer is followed by lung and prostate cancer in high occurrence rate.
Causes and Risk Factors of Cancer:
Treatments of Cancer Available: